ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION IN RECOGNIZING MENTAL HEALTH
In order to curb the stigma and discrimination faced by people having mental disabilities, organs of UN took steps and policies which targets improving access and quality of mental heath service delivery, creating legal and policy environment that are conducive to the realization of the human rights of individual with mental health condition and psychological disabilities as well as integrating prevention programming and policy that combats stigma and discrimination. The office of the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights (OHCHR) in one of its reports draws out that a individual with mental disabilities experiences lower life expectancy- a twenty year drop for men and fifteen years for women as compared to normal person. This indicates that a healthy mind is not only important, but an essential prerequisite for one to lead a normal happy life.
In May 2012, World Health Organization adopted resolution WHA 65.4 to combat worldwide mental disorders. It develop Comprehensive Mental Health Plan 2013-2020 which urges member states to implement the action plan for member states, invites international regional and national partners to take note of it and requests Director General to implement the action for secretariat in the comprehensive mental health action plan and submit the reports on the progress achieved in implementing the action plan through its executive board.In 1979, The Human Right Commission of UN body created Special Rapporteur, consisting of an independent experts appointed by Human Rights Council to examine specific country situation. Article 2 of International Covenant on Economic, social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) sets out legal obligation on the state parties to implement right to health at national level.
Since September 2015 mental health included in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals which related to mental health. The adoption of great mental action plan in 2013 and also the global strategy to scale back the harmful use of alcohol in 2010 by the world health assembly paved the way for the inclusion of psychological state in Sustainable Development Goals. Two targets out of 169 are directly related to mental health are Target 3.4 which requests countries: “ By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well being wand Target 3.5 requests the countries:Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.”