The ‘Internet of things (IoT)’ is a connection or we can say that extension between the Physical Devices to the Internet. Else we can say that it is the connection between the Physical and Digital World. It refers to the world where the appliances and devices are connected with the network.

Steps to convert normal device to IoT device

  1. Take a device that can connect to the internet.
  2. The device is then integrated with technology like sensors, functional software, some inbuilt technology that supports network connections, and also actuators.


Some applications of IoT

  1. Smart Home: Automation of electrical appliances. The advantages of this system are we can save energy, save time, and save money. There are many more examples of Smart homes are Home security, Reminder of the bottle, or any boxes which are empty or not, etc.



  1. IIOT: (Industrial Internet of Things): An example of IIOT is Smart Machines that are more accurate and consistent than humans in communicating through data. And applications for tracking goods, real-time information exchange about inventory among suppliers and retailers, and automated delivery will increase the supply chain efficiency.


  1. Smart Cities: Smart Cities mean to innovate appliances in the city it includes surveillance, automated transportation, smarter energy management systems, water distribution, urban security, and environmental monitoring.


  1. Agriculture: Sensing for soil moisture and nutrients, controlling water usage for plant growth, and determining custom fertilizer are some simple uses of IoT.


  1. Healthcare: It aims at empowering people to live a healthier life by wearing connected devices.




Key components:

  1. Gateway
  2. Connectivity of Devices (Sensors)
  3. Cloud
  4. User Interface
  5. Standards and Protocols
  6. Database
  7. Automation
  8. Development





Advantages of the IoT

  1. Better quality of life
  2. Saves Money
  3. Saves energy
  4. Efficient and saves time
  5. Automation of daily tasks leads to better monitoring of devices
  6. Automation and control
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