Fake News

The malady of HOAX has haunted the media for a long time but it has become need of the hour for society in total to curb this menace. Fake news is a hoax which is deliberately spread via online portals which includes doctored photographs, false messages etc.

π‘€π‘Žβ„Žπ‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘Žπ‘ β„Žπ‘‘π‘Ÿπ‘Ž π‘π‘œπ‘™π‘–π‘π‘’ β„Žπ‘Žπ‘  π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘”π‘–π‘ π‘‘π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘‘ π‘Žπ‘π‘π‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘₯π‘–π‘šπ‘Žπ‘‘π‘’π‘™π‘¦ 51 π‘π‘Žπ‘ π‘’π‘  π‘“π‘œπ‘Ÿ π‘ π‘π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘›π‘” π‘“π‘Žπ‘˜π‘’ 𝑛𝑒𝑀𝑠 π‘Žπ‘π‘œπ‘’π‘‘ π‘‘β„Žπ‘’ πΆπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘›π‘Žπ‘£π‘–π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ . π‘‡β„Žπ‘’ πΊπ‘œπ‘£π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘›π‘šπ‘’π‘›π‘‘ π‘π‘œπ‘ π‘‘π‘’π‘‘ π‘Ž π‘‘π‘’π‘›π‘‘π‘’π‘Ÿ π‘œπ‘›π‘™π‘–π‘›π‘’ π‘“π‘œπ‘Ÿ π‘‘β„Žπ‘’ π‘π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘œπ‘› π‘œπ‘“ “π‘†π‘œπ‘π‘–π‘Žπ‘™ π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘Ž 𝐻𝑒𝑏” 𝑖𝑛 π‘€β„Žπ‘–π‘β„Ž π‘Ž π‘π‘œπ‘šπ‘π‘Žπ‘›π‘¦ 𝑀𝑖𝑙𝑙 𝑏𝑒 𝑠𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑐𝑑𝑒𝑑 π‘‘π‘œ π‘π‘Ÿπ‘Žπ‘’π‘π‘œπ‘ π‘‘π‘œπ‘Ÿ π‘‘β„Žπ‘’ π‘œπ‘›π‘™π‘–π‘›π‘’ π‘π‘™π‘Žπ‘‘π‘“π‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘š’𝑠 π‘“π‘œπ‘Ÿ 𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑓𝑦𝑖𝑛𝑔 π‘“π‘Žπ‘˜π‘’ 𝑛𝑒𝑀𝑠 𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 π‘£π‘–π‘Ž π‘‘β„Žπ‘œπ‘ π‘’ π‘π‘™π‘Žπ‘‘π‘“π‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘š.

Some laws to counter fake news in India-
Section 505(1) of Indian Penal Code, 1860: The punishment for making, publishing or circulating any statement, rumour or report which may cause fear or alarm to the public, or to any section of the public.
Punishment: Imprisonment which may extend to 3 years or fine or both.
Section 66D of Information Technology Act: Whoever, by means for any communication device or computer resource cheats by personating.
Punishment: imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.
Section 54 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005: Whoever makes or circulates a false alarm or warning as to disaster or its severity or magnitude, leading to panic.
Punishment: Imprisonment which may extend to one year or with fine.

Let’s keep aside penalties, fines and punishments, what we need is a controlled and real information. YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, Whatsapp and other social media platforms have become a stage for clickbait headlines and made-up stories that typically spread faster than the well-researched articles of established news channels. As a result, the spread of news intentionally misleading readers has become an increasing problem for the functioning of our democracies, affecting individuals’ understanding of reality.

π‘‡β„Žπ‘’ π·π‘–π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘π‘‘π‘œπ‘Ÿ πΊπ‘’π‘›π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘Žπ‘™ π‘œπ‘“ π‘Šπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘™π‘‘ π»π‘’π‘Žπ‘™π‘‘β„Ž π‘‚π‘Ÿπ‘”π‘Žπ‘›π‘–π‘ π‘Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘œπ‘› ; π·π‘Ÿ. π‘‡π‘’π‘‘π‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘  π΄π‘‘β„Žπ‘Žπ‘›π‘œπ‘› πΊβ„Žπ‘’π‘π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘¦π‘’π‘ π‘’π‘  π‘Žπ‘ π‘ π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘‘π‘’π‘‘ β„Žπ‘–π‘  π‘œπ‘π‘–π‘›π‘–π‘œπ‘› π‘œπ‘› π‘‘β„Žπ‘’ π‘šπ‘’π‘›π‘Žπ‘π‘’ π‘œπ‘“ π‘“π‘Žπ‘˜π‘’ 𝑛𝑒𝑀𝑠 π‘‘π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘–π‘›π‘” 𝐢𝑂𝑉𝐼𝐷-19 π‘Žπ‘ , “π‘Šπ‘’ π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘’ π‘›π‘œπ‘‘ 𝑗𝑒𝑠𝑑 π‘“π‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘›π‘” π‘Žπ‘› π‘’π‘π‘–π‘‘π‘’π‘šπ‘–π‘, 𝑀𝑒 π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘’ π‘“π‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘›π‘” π‘Žπ‘› π‘–π‘›π‘“π‘œπ‘‘π‘’π‘šπ‘–π‘. πΉπ‘Žπ‘˜π‘’ 𝑛𝑒𝑀𝑠 π‘ π‘π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Žπ‘‘π‘  π‘“π‘Žπ‘ π‘‘π‘’π‘Ÿ π‘Žπ‘›π‘‘ π‘šπ‘œπ‘Ÿπ‘’ π‘’π‘Žπ‘ π‘–π‘™π‘¦ π‘‘β„Žπ‘Žπ‘› π‘‘β„Žπ‘–π‘  π‘£π‘–π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘ , π‘Žπ‘›π‘‘ 𝑖𝑠 𝑗𝑒𝑠𝑑 π‘Žπ‘  π‘‘π‘Žπ‘›π‘”π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘’π‘ ”.

Alberto Alemanno, Jean Monnet Professor of EU law, has specifically opined some solutions to this menace in his paper titled, β€˜π»π‘œπ‘€ π‘‘π‘œ πΆπ‘œπ‘’π‘›π‘‘π‘’π‘Ÿ πΉπ‘Žπ‘˜π‘’ 𝑁𝑒𝑀𝑠? 𝐴 π‘‡π‘Žπ‘₯π‘œπ‘›π‘œπ‘šπ‘¦ π‘œπ‘“ 𝐴𝑛𝑑𝑖-π‘“π‘Žπ‘˜π‘’ 𝑁𝑒𝑀𝑠 π΄π‘π‘π‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘Žπ‘β„Žπ‘’π‘ β€™, some of them are –
β€’ STATE INTERVENTION – This is criticized owing to the fact that it creates a chance of non-transparency as the independence of media might get hauled.
β€’ MAKE SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS LIABLE FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTENTS- WhatsApp introduced the “Forwarded” label in the messages which is shared by the purveyors for the person who is reading the message should know how to spot the fake news. In June , 2018 West Bengal avered that the citizens of the state can be jailed for posting fake news or misinformation if it causes alarm or fear in the public.
β€’ SWAMPING FAKE NEWS WITH THE TRUTH- Instead of killing the story, you surround that story with related articles so as to provide more context and alternative views to the reader.
We can impose “day fines” for the purveyors who are encouraging fake news as imposed in Nicaragua (country in Central America). The issue regarding the transcended fake news can be solved if the person who is circulating the news is well informed about the occurrence and should not anticipate via any social platform. Let’s not focus on the forest but on trees one by one. Therefore, it is the foremost responsibility of the citizen to stop counterfeited news.

Stay Safe, Spread Truth, Vigilance is Cure!

Spread the love