Education System in India

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. “

Education is a very important step in our lives. Skipping out this step will lead us to skip to other important steps too, like- Career.

Many people can’t take education just because they don’t have money to do so. But for these people, who cannot afford to give school fees, there are different government schemes of getting free education like Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan, National Program for Education of Girls at Elementary Education (NPEGEL), Beti Bachao- Beti Padhao, etc.

Education system before this generation was not much developed. Poor kids and girls, especially, were not able to pursue the education. But now, everyone can. Education system in India has been changed through ages. In the beginning, in ancient times, India had the Gurukula system of education in which anyone who wished to study went to a teacher’s (Guru) house and requested to be taught. If accepted as a student by the guru, he would then stay at the guru’s place and help in all activities at home. This not only created a strong tie between the teacher and the student, but also taught the student everything about running a house. All learning was closely linked to nature and to life, and not confined to memorizing some information.

The modern school system was brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s. The curriculum was confined to “modern” with subjects such as science and mathematics. Teaching was confined to classrooms and the link with nature was broken, as also the close relationship between the teacher and the student.The Uttar Pradesh (a state in India) Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in India in the year 1921 with jurisdiction over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In 1929, the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana, was established. Later, boards were established in some of the states. But eventually, in 1952, the constitution of the board was amended and it was renamed Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Nowadays, there are many boards along the country.

There are mainly three streams in school education in India. Two of these are coordinated at the national level, of which one is under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and was originally meant for children of central government employees who are periodically transferred and may have to move to any place in the country. In addition to these government-run schools, a number of private schools in the country follow the CBSE syllabus though they may use different text books and follow different teaching schedules. They have a certain amount of freedom in what they teach in lower classes. The CBSE also has 141 affiliated schools in 21 other countries mainly catering to the needs of the Indian population there.The second central scheme is the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE). It seems that this was started as a replacement for the Cambridge School Certificate. The idea was mooted in a conference held in 1952 under the Chairmanship of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister for Education. The main purpose of the conference was to consider the replacement of the overseas Cambridge School Certificate Examination by an All India Examination. In October 1956 at the meeting of the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education, a proposal was adopted for the setting up of an Indian Council to administer the University of Cambridge, Local Examinations Syndicate’s Examination in India and to advise the Syndicate on the best way to adapt its examination to the needs of the country. The Council was listed in the Delhi School Education Act 1973, as a body conducting public examinations. Now a large number of schools across the country are affiliated to this Council. All these are private schools and generally cater to children from wealthy families.Apart from these 2 , there is another board i.e. UP board/ central govt. With these, the schooling system before was 10+2 but now it has been changed to 5+3+3+2.


Kerala has also always shown interest in trying out ways of improving its school education system. Instead of direct questions that could be answered only through memorizing the lessons, indirect questions and open ended questions were included so that the student needed to think before answering, and the answers could be subjective to some extent. This meant that the students had to digest what they studied and had to be able to use their knowledge in a specific situation to answer the questions. At the same time, the new method took away a lot of pressure and the children began to find examinations interesting and enjoyable instead of being stressful. A Comprehensive and Continuous Evaluation (CCE) system was introduced along with this, which took into consideration the overall personality of the student and reduced the dependence on a single final examination for deciding promotion to the next class. At present, the CBSE also has implemented CCE, but in a more flexible manner.Kerala was also the first state in the country to introduce Information Technology as a subject of study at the High School level. The initiative taken by Kerala is now influencing other states. Education system of India is now being improving day by day with some changes in them.

So,it’s a humble request to you all- Please educate your children. Education is the most important thing in our life.

Thank you. 

Jai hind🇮🇳

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